Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Arkeologi di Pulau Haruku dan Saparua, Kabupaten Maluku Tengah

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Karyamantha Surbakti

Abstract

Abstract.


The management of cultural heritage in various parts of Indonesia is still a major issue that is often used in many studies of Cultural Resource Management. Problems that arise often intersect with matters of identity, authenticity, and authority that directly target the cultural heritage. The three things mentioned above are significant in seeing the root of the problem, about how cultural heritage with physical appearances has not been included in the list of cultural heritage. This research is an exploratory survey conducted in Haruku and Saparua Islands, or known locally as Lease Islands. The purpose of this study is to share about public archaeology to the community and stakeholders, based on the management issues in several old mosques and colonial heritage fortresses in Haruku and Saparua Islands. The method used in this study was by collecting data in the form of photographs and geographical degrees, as well as conducting interviews with local people. The result of this research hopefully will benefit the community and stakeholders when doing archaeological management system of those heritage buildings.


Keywords: Management, Significant Value, Archaeological Resources, Mollucas, Haruku and Saparua Islands


Abstrak.


Permasalahan pengelolaan tinggalan warisan budaya (heritage) di berbagai wilayah Indonesia menjadi isu utama yang kerap digunakan dalam banyak studi culture resource management. Permasalahan yang muncul sering bersinggungan dengan hal identitas, otentisitas, dan otoritas yang langsung menyasar warisan budaya tersebut. Ketiga hal yang disebutkan di atas tersebut sering menjadi hal ikhwal dalam melihat akar permasalahan, bagaimana suatu warisan budaya, terutama yang berupa bangunan belum dimasukkan dalam daftar cagar budaya. Penelitian ini bersifat survei eksploratif yang dilakukan di Pulau-pulau Lease, yaitu Haruku dan Saparua. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendistribusikan pengetahuan arkeologi, khususnya pemahaman arkelogi publik. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan di lapangan adalah pengumpulan data berupa foto, keletakan geografis, dan pengumpulan data oral hasil wawancara terhadap informan secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh adalah berkenaan otentisitas Masjid Tua Rohomoni, Benteng New Zelandia di Pulau Haruku, dan Duurstede di Pulau Saparua yang masih cukup terjaga keasliannya karena masyarakat dan stakeholder lain di sekitar situs menganggap semua bangunan tersebut bernilai penting yang harus dikelola dengan sistem manajemen arkeologi yang berbasis nilai penting pula.


Kata kunci: Pengelolaan, Nilai Penting, Sumber Daya Arkeologi, Maluku, Pulau Haruku dan Saparua

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References

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Peraturan
Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 11 Tahun 2010 Tentang Cagar Budaya.