Agama Dan Pendidikan Agama Pada Masa Majapahit

Hariani Santiko

Abstract


Religion and Religious Teaching During the Majapahit Period. During the Majapahit
period religious teaching played an important role. The teaching could be done individually or in acentre for religious teaching called “Mandala” or “Kadewaguruan”. A Kadewaguruan was usually located far from habitation places (cities), such as quiet forest, on top of a hill, mountain slope, or by the sea shore. A Kadewaguruan is led by a mahāresi (high priest), who is also known as śiddharesi or dewaguru; hence the education centre is called Kadewaguruan. In his daily activities, a dewaguru was assisted by his senior disciples named ubwan, female priests, and manguyu or male priests. New disciples were called kaki, tapaswi (male ones) and endang or tapi, kili (female ones). The teachings were taught in phases. During the first phase (supportive teachings), ceremony procedures (dīksāwidhi-widhāna) were taught, and in the next phases were taught the main teachings about the concept of the Utmost Reality and the attempt to unite oneself (kalěpasan, moksa) with Bhattara (god). The summary of the dewaguru teachings can be found in religious manuscripts named Tutur.

Keywords


tattwa Śiwa, dīksā-widhi-widhāna, catur wiphala, kalěpasan, moksa

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/amt.v30i2.393
Article Metrics

Abstract views: 119 | PDF views: 98 | Total views: 217




Copyright (c) 2018 AMERTA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AMERTA INDEXED BY:

Copyright of AMERTA (e-ISSN 2549-8908 p-ISSN 0215-1324). Powered by OJS. ©Designed by Mujab.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.