MIGRASI AUSTRONESIA DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN BUDAYA DI KEPULAUAN INDONESIA

Sofwan Noerwidi

Abstract


Abstrak.

 Pada saat masyarakat penutur bahasa Austronesia datang di Kepulauan Indonesia, kawasan
ini bukanlah suatu daerah kosong tidak berpenghuni. Beberapa pulau di Kepulauan Indonesia telah
dihuni oleh populasi lain. Akibat adanya kontak antar-komunitas tersebut mengakibatkan proses
adaptasi, inovasi, dan interaksi budaya yang khas sebagaimana tercermin pada perkembangan
teknologi alat kerang, teknologi pelayaran dan domestikasi hewan yang dikuasai masyarakat penutur
bahasa Austronesia. Tahapan proses migrasi masyarakat penutur bahasa Austronesia di Kepulauan
Indonesia dapat dirangkum sebagai berikut: terjadi intrusi budaya baru di Kepulauan Indonesia yang
dibawa oleh Austronesia. Akibat dari peristiwa tersebut, terjadi perkembangan budaya Neolitik di
Kepulauan Indonesia, disebabkan oleh adaptasi, evolusi dan interaksi antara masyarakat pendatang
Austronesia dengan komunitas Non-Austronesia yang telah menghuni kawasan ini sejak masa
sebelumnya. Interaksi antar-budaya yang intensif menyebabkan integrasi budaya Austronesia dan
Non-Austronesia di Kepulauan Indonesia.

 

Abstract.

 

Austronesian Migration and Its Implication on Cultural Development in Indonesian
Archipelago. When Austronesian language speakers came to Indonesian Archipelago, this region
is not an empty place but had already inhabited by other population. The unique processes of
adaptation, innovation, and culture interaction of Austronesian people in this new region are
reflected on the development of shell tool technology, navigation technology, plant cultivation and
animal domestication. In summary, the stages of Austronesian migration in Indonesian Archipelago
are as follows: Intrusion of a new culture that was brought to the Indonesian Archipelago by the
Austronesian people, which caused innovation of Neolithic culture in Indonesian Archipelago due to
cultural adaptation, evolution, and interaction between the Austronesian speakers (the newcomers)
with the indigenous Non-Austronesian communities. Intensive inter-cultural interactions have
created a cultural integration between the Austronesians and Non-Austronesians in the Indonesian
Archipelago.


Keywords


Migration, Austronesian people, Indonesian archipelago, Cultural adaptation.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/amt.v32i1.374
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