Irigasi Tirtayasa: Teknik Pengelolaan Air Kesultanan Banten Pada Abad Ke-17 M

Sonny C. Wibisono

Abstract


Abstract. Irrigation of Tirtayasa: Water Management Technique of the Sultanate of Banten in the 17th century. This paper presents the results of archaeological research that revealed the agricultural sideview of the Sultanate of Banten, based on the findings of the irrigation features of the 17th century. It has been recorded in history that an engineering done to build a water management system in a large scale for intensive agricultural purposes in the coastal region of Banten. The opening of the agricultural land was initiated by Sultan Ageng also known epithet of honor as Tirtayasa. Variety of finding features include former canals, artificial embankments, bridges, water gates and water control building. Human adaptation and environmental approaches used to describe the ability of the technology to build the water system, which is an actions and consequences of efforts to solve problems of the local environmental situation, then put it together in a large system. The hydraulics engineering, held in support of food security. All the evidence, showing toughness engineered water management system, at that time.

 

Abstrak: Tulisan ini menyajikan hasil penelitian arkeologi yang mengungkap sisi agraris dari Kesultanan Banten, berdasarkan peninggalan irigasi dari abad ke 17. Tercatat dalam sejarah bahwa sebuah rekayasa dilakukan untuk membangun tata air dalam skala besar untuk pertanian intensif di pesisir Banten. Pembangunan itu diprakarsai Sultan Ageng yang bergelar Tirtayasa. Melalui pendekatan excavasi bukti-bukti jejak hidro-arkeologi ditemukan kembali, tersebar di antara Sungai
Ciujung, Sungai Cidurian dan Sungai Cipasilihan. Ragam peninggalan antara lain berupa bekas kanal-kanal, tanggul buatan, jembatan, pintu air, dan bangunan pengontrol air. Pendekatan adaptasi manusia dan lingkungan digunakan untuk menjelaskan kemampuan teknik membangun tata air, yang merupakan tindakan dan konsekuensi dari upaya mengatasi problem situasi lingkungan setempat, dan
menyatukannya dalam sebuah sistem besar. Rekayasa teknologi hidrolika ini, diselenggarakan untuk mendukung kebutuhan pangan. Bukti-bukti itu, menunjukan ketangguhan rekayasa pengelolaan tata air, pada masa itu.


Keywords


Kesultanan Banten, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, teknologi, pertanian, irigasi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beaudray, Mary C. 2011. “Text-cavation: Documentary Archaeology Revisited”, dalam Dialogue between the Aboveground and the Underground: A Symposiumon Historical Archaeology, 16-17 Desember. Taipe: Institute of History & Philology, Academia Sinica.

Cortesao, Armando. 1944. The Suma Oriental of Tome Pires. London:The Hakluyt Society.

de Graff, H.J., & TH. G. TH. Pigeaud. 1985. Kerajaan-kerajaan Islam di Jawa. Jakarta: Grafitipers.

Guillot, Claude. 2008. Banten Sejarah dan Peradaban Abad X—XVII. Jakarta: Puslitarkenas-EFEO.

--------. 1990. The Sultanete of Banten. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Harkantiningsih. 2005. Peninggalan Struktural Kasultanan Tirtayasa, Banten dan Kasultanan Wolio, Buton, Kajian

Arkeologi dalam Simposium Terbuka untuk Pelestarian Situs Benteng Kota Pelabuhan pada Zaman Pre Modern di Asia. Jepang: Fukuoka.

Hirth, Friderich dan Rochill, W.W. 1911. Chau Ju-Kua: His work on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, entitle Chu-Fan-Chi. St.Pitersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences.

Lombard, Denys. 2005. Nusa Jawa: Silang Budaya: Warisan Kerajaan-kerajaan Konsentris Jilid 3. Jakarta: Gramedia

pustaka utama-Forum jakarta Paris-Ecole Francais d’extreme orient.

Mundardjito dkk. 1986. Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi Banten 1976. Berita Penelitian Arkeologi No.18. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional.

Pudjiastuti, Titik. 2007. Perang, Dagang, Persahabatan : Surat-surat Sultan Banten; Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia – The Toyota Foundation.

Ravesteijn. W. dkk. 2011. “River system in transition: pathway and stakeholder involvement”, dalam C. A. Brebbia (ed) River Basin Management VI, WIT transactions on ecology and the

environment, Volume 146, hal. 327-338. United Kingdom: Witpress.

Scarborough, Vernon L. 1991. Water Management Adaptations in nonindustial Complex Societies : An Archaeological

Perspective; Archaeological Method and Theory, Vol 3 (1991), hal. 101-154.

Shiro, Momoki. 2008. “Comparasion among Asian Port Cities during Medieval and Early Moderen Periods”, Sakai-

Asian Cultural partnership Conference, November 18—19, 2008; Sakai City, Jepang (tidak terbit).

Sutikno dkk. 1996. Aplikasi Teknik Pengindraan jauh, Beserta Penafsirannya Atas Situs Banten Lama. Jakarta:Puslitarkenas.

N.N; 1990;” Sustainability’s Promise”, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (Jan.-Feb.1990) 45(1): p.4. NAL Call # 56.8 J822].

Vlekke, BHM. 2008. Nusantara: sejarahIndonesia, Jakarta : Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Vayda, Andrew P. 1986. “Action and Consequences as Object of Explanation in Human Ecology”, 2nd International

Conference of Society for Human Ecology; October 17-19, 1986; College of Atlantic Bar Herbon Maine.

Wibisono, S.C. 1993. Pola Pemanfaatan Air di Banten Lama Sebagai Konsekuensi Problem Lingkungan. Pertemuan Ilmiah

Arkeologi VI. Jakarta: Puslitarkenas

Witffogel. 1957. Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power. Yale University Press.

Poesponegoro, M.D. dkk. 2008. Sejarah Nasional II. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/amt.v31i1.153
Article Metrics

Abstract views: 265 | PDF views: 1012 | Total views: 1277




Copyright (c) 2013 AMERTA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AMERTA INDEXED BY:

Copyright of AMERTA (e-ISSN 2549-8908 p-ISSN 0215-1324). Powered by OJS. ©Designed by Mujab.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.