Teknologi Litik di Situs Talimbue, Sulawesi Tenggara: Teknologi Berlanjut dari Masa Pleistosen Akhir Hingga Holosen.

Suryatman Suryatman, Sue O’ Connor, David Bulbeck, Ben Marwick, Adhi Agus Oktaviana, Unggul Prasetyo Wibowo

Abstract


Abstract.  The  Lithic  Technology  at  Talimbue  Site,  Southeast  Sulawesi:  Continuing  Technology from Late Pleistocene up to Holocene Periods. The Talimbue site at Southeast Sulawesi is packed with  lithic  and  these  offer  a  new  perspective  on  the  lithic  technology  of  Sulawesi.  The  absence  of information  on  the  prehistoric  lithic  technology  of  Southeast  Sulawesi  is  a  factor  of  interest  that makes  research  on  knowledge  of  the  Talimbue  site  necessary.  Lithic  artefacts  were  manufactured from  the  terminal  Pleistocene  to  the  Late  Holocene.  This  research  will  disentangle  the  details  of the lithic technology at the Talimbue Site. The analyzed flaked stone artefacts fall into 3 categories, which are retouched flakes, debitage and cores. For its part, debitage was classified into 3 categories, which are complete flakes, broken flakes and debris. The retouch index was also measured so as to provide a quantitative estimate of the level of retouch intensity of the retouched flakes. The results of  the  analysis  indicate  changes  in  the  stone  flake  technology  during  the  period  of  occupation  of the Talimbue Site. The change of technology occurs because the process of adaptation caused by a change of environment.

 

Abstrak. Temuan  litik  yang  sangat  padat  di  Situs  Talimbue  di  Sulawesi  Tenggara  menunjukkan sebuah persepektif baru dalam kajian teknologi litik di Sulawesi. Kekosongan informasi teknologi litik masa prasejarah di wilayah Sulawesi Tenggara adalah hal yang menarik dikaji dalam penelitian di Situs Talimbue. Artefak litik digunakan dari masa Pleistosen Akhir hingga masa Holosen Akhir. Penelitian ini akan menguraikan secara detail bagaimana teknologi litik di Situs Talimbue. Artefak batu diserpih yang dianalisis menjadi 3 kategori, yaitu serpih diretus, serpihan dan batu inti. Serpihan kemudian  diklasifikasi  menjadi  3  kategori,  yaitu  serpih  utuh,  serpih  rusak  dan  tatal.  Pengukuran indeks retus juga dilakukan bertujuan untuk mengestimasi secara kuantitatif tingkat intensitas retus terhadap serpih yang telah diretus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan teknologi artefak batu diserpih terjadi selama masa hunian di Situs Talimbue. Perubahan teknologi terjadi karena adanya proses adaptasi yang disebabkan oleh perubahan lingkungan.


Keywords


Litik, Perubahan teknologi, Fase hunian

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrefsky, William Jr. 2005. Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bellwood, Peter. 2007. Prehistory of the Indo- Malaysian Archipelago. Sydney: ANU E Press.

Bulbeck, David, Monique Pasqua, and Adrian Di Lello. 2000. “Culture History of the Toalean of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.” Asian Perspectives 39 (1): 71–108.

Clarkson, Chris. 2002. “An Index of Invasiveness for the Measurement of Unifacial and Bifacial Retouch: A Theoretical, Experimental and Archaeological Verification.” Journal of Archaeological Science 29: 65–75.

---------. 2007. Lithic in the Land of the Lightning Brothers: The Archaeology of Wardaman Country, Northern Territory. Terra aust. Canberra: ANU E Press.

---------. 2008. “Changing Reduction Intensity, Settlement, and Subsistence in Wardaman Country, Northern Australia.” CHAP. In Lithic Technology: Measures of Production, Use and Curation, edited by Jr Andrefsky William, 286–316. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Forestier, Hubert. 2007. Ribuan Gunung Ribuan Alat Batu “Prasejarah Song Keplek, Gunung Sewu, Jawa Timur. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Glover, Ian. 1976. “Ulu Leang Cave, Maros: “A Premilinary Sequance of Post Pleistocene Cultural Development in South Sulawesi.” Archipel 11: 54–113.

---------. 1978. “Survey and Excavation in The Maros District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia: The 1975 Field Season.” Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1:.113-154.

Heekeren, H.R. van. 1972. The Stone Age of Indonesia. 2nd ed. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Hiscock, Peter. 2015. “Making It Small in the Palaeolithic: Bipolar Stone-Working , Miniature Artefacts and Models of Core Recycling.” Word Archaeology, no. February: 37–41.

Hiscock, Peter, and Chris Clarkson. 2008. “The Construction of Morphological Diversity: A Study of Mounsterian Implement Retouching at Combe Grenal.” In Lithic Technology, edited by William Andrefsky Jr, 106–35. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

---------. 2009. “The Analysis of Stone Tool Procurement, Production, and Maintenance.” Journal of Archaeology Research 17: 65–103. doi:10.1007/ s10814-008-9026-2.

Marwoto, Ristiyanti M, and Nur R. Isnaningsih. 2013. “Keong Air Tawar Endemik Marga Tylomelania Sarasin & Sarasin, 1897 (Moluska, Gastropoda, Pachychilidae) Dari Kawasan Karst Maros, Sulawesi Selatan.” Zoo Indonesia 22 (1): 31–38.

Moore, M.W., Thomas Sutikna, Jatmiko, Mike J. Morwood, and Adam Brumm. 2009. “Continuities in Stone Flaking Technology at Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia.” Journal of Human Evolution 57 (5). Elsevier Ltd: 503–26.

O’Connor et al. 2014. “Final Report on the Project “The Archaeology of Sulawesi: A Strategic Island for Understanding Modern Human Colonization and Interactions Across Our Region.” Jakarta.

Rusmana, Sukidno, Sukarna, Haryono, and Simanjuntak T. 2010. Peta Geologi Lembar Lasusua, Kendari, Sulawesi. Bandung: Pusat Survei geologi, Badan Geologi.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/amt.v34i2.146
Article Metrics

Abstract views: 369 | PDF views: 307 | Total views: 676




Copyright (c) 2016 AMERTA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AMERTA INDEXED BY:

Copyright of AMERTA (e-ISSN 2549-8908 p-ISSN 0215-1324). Powered by OJS. ©Designed by Mujab.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.