Pelayaran dan Perdagangan Masa Lalu di Kepulauan Maluku Tenggara

Marlon Ririmasse

Abstract


Abstrak. Kepulauan Maluku Tenggara adalah wilayah yang membentang antara Timor hingga Papua. Karakteristik geografis yang kompleks telah membentuk profil budaya kawasan ini yang menjadi sedemikian raya. Sejak awal Masehi wilayah ini juga dikenal sebagai kawasan sumber komoditi eksotik seperti mutiara bulu burung cendrawasih, emas, tenun hingga budak. Hal mana yang membuat kontak dan interaksi niaga dengan dunia luar telah terbentuk sejak berabad silam dan menciptakan profil kompleks sejarah budaya kawasan. Lepas dari peran kunci dimaksud, studi-studi sejarah budaya belum banyak memberikan perhatian atas dinamika kontak dan interaksi niaga di wilayah ini pada masa lalu.Termasuk dalam aspek arkeologis. Makalah ini mencoba mengisi ruang dimaksud dengan mengamati karakteristik aktivitas pelayaran dan perdagangan masa lalu di Kepulauan Maluku Tenggara serta implikasinya atas profil sejarah budaya kawasan. Studi pustaka dilekatkan sebagai pendekatan menjawab permasalah yang diajukan dalam kajian mula ini. Hasil telaah menemukan bahwa Kepulauan Maluku Tenggara telah membentuk suatu sistem pelayaran dan perdagangag yang kompleks masa prasejarah terus berkembang hingga masa kolonial. Implikasi atas proses kompleks ini kiranya dapat diamati dari karakteristik budaya wilayah ini yang raya serta jejak budaya materi yang tersebar luas dalam lingkup kawasan

Abstract. Past Voyage and Trade in Southeast Moluccas Islands. The Southeast Moluccas Islands is the region that stretches between Timor and Papua. This geographical characteristic has formed the complex cultural profile of the archipelago. Since the early historical period, the Southeast Moluccas Islands is also known as a source area of the exotic commodities such as bird of paradise, gold, woven products and slaves. A condition that in the later times has created interaction and contact between this region and outside world. Despite this key role of the area, proper attention has not been given to study this region in the cultural historical perspective. Included in the archaeological studies. This paper tries to bridge the gap by observing the characteristic of the ancient seafaring and trading activities in the Southeast Moluccas Archipelago and it’s implication for the cultural historical profile of the region. The referential study has been attached as the main approach in this research. This study found that the region of Southeast Moluccas has established the seafaring and trading system since the prehistoric times and continues to be developed until the colonial period. The implications of this complex process is also can be observed in the complex cultural profile of the region as well as through the traces of the material cultural widespread in this archipelago.


Keywords


Pelayaran, Perdagangan, Kepulauan Maluku Tenggara

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/kpt.v22i1.114
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